PHIL 1101:
Introduction to Philosophy

1. Course Introduction

METAPHILOSOPHY

2. “Philosophy and Human Affairs” by Kwame Gyekye (PDF)

PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION

3. Proslogion (selections) by Anselm of Canterbury (PDF), Summa Theologica (selections) by Thomas Aquinas (PDF), and Natural Theology (selections) by William Paley (PDF)

4. “The Ethics of Belief” by William K. Clifford (PDF) and “The Will to Believe” by William James (PDF)

5. “Evil and Omnipotence” by J.L. Mackie (PDF)

6. “A Critique of Christian Masochism” by Dorothee Soelle (PDF)

ETHICS

7. Euthyphro by Plato (PDF)

8. “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism” by James Rachels (PDF)

9. “Virtue Theory” by Rosalind Hursthouse (PDF)

10. Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals (selections) by Immanuel Kant (PDF)

11. Utilitarianism (selections) by John Stuart Mill (PDF), “Ivan’s Challenge” by Fyodor Dostoevsky (PDF), and “The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas” by Ursula K. Le Guin (PDF)

12. “The Objectivist Ethics” by Ayn Rand (PDF)

13. “The Ethics of Care as Moral Theory” by Virginia Held (PDF)

14. “Confucianism and Ubuntu: Reflections on a Dialogue Between Chinese and African Traditions” by Daniel A. Bell and Thaddeus Metz (PDF)

15. “A Defense of Abortion” by Judith Jarvis Thomson (PDF)

16. “A Defense of the Death Penalty” by Louis P. Pojman (PDF)

EPISTEMOLOGY

17. Meditations on First Philosophy (selections) by René Descartes (PDF)

18. “Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?” by Edmund L. Gettier (PDF)

19. “Epistemologies of Ignorance: Three Types” by Linda Martín Alcoff (PDF)

20. On Bullshit by Harry Frankfurt (PDF)

PHILOSOPHICAL ANTHROPOLOGY

21. Mencius (selections) by Mencius (PDF) and “Human Nature Is Bad” by Xunzi (PDF)

22. “Courage Under Fire: Testing Epictetus's Doctrines in a Laboratory of Human Behavior” by James B. Stockdale (PDF)

23. I and Thou (selections) by Martin Buber (PDF)

24. Existentialism Is a Humanism by Jean-Paul Sartre (PDF)

TO BE DETERMINED*

25. TBD

26. TBD

PHILOSOPHY OF DEATH

27. “Death and Denial” by Ernest Becker (PDF)

28. Phaedo by Plato (PDF)

* Students, with my guidance, will determine the readings for these days.

© Douglas Ficek